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How do I tell if my tension is correct?

For machines with 9 needles or less:
There are three tensioners for the top thread:
The upper, center, and the lower (or rotary) tensioner.
Most adjustments are done with the upper and/or center tensioners. The general rule is; what you do to the upper, you should do to the center, as you want a balance between the two. Typically the lower tensioner is not used except for very fine adjustments. The tension wheel on this tensioner should always spin during sewing.
To tighten your tension (when the stitching on top looks "loopy" or very loose) turn the tension knobs clockwise. To loosen (when the thread is puckering the fabric or the bobbin thread is being pulled to the top side) turn the tensioner counter clockwise.

For machines with 15 needles:
There are two tensioners for the top thread:
The upper, and the lower (or rotary) tensioner.
Typically the lower tensioner is not used except for very minor adjustments. This leaves your upper tensioner as the primary point of adjustment.
To tighten your tension (when the stitching on top looks "loopy" or very loose) turn the tension knobs clockwise. To loosen (when the thread is puckering the fabric or the bobbin thread is being pulled to the top side) turn the tensioner counter clockwise.

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